A ParGroup is a group of related parameters. It is often more natural to work with the ParGroup as a whole instead of its individual [[Par Class|parameters].

Often all parameters sharing the same line on a parameter dialog belong to the same ParGroup. For example, in the Transform TOP, Translate is a type of ParGroup, with two primary Par objects: tx, ty and a unit Par.

ParGroups with only single elements are also possible. For example, the Uniform Scale parameter of the Geometry Object belongs to a ParGroup with only one parameter. Note that ParGroups with multiple elements only contain numeric elements. Strings only exist in ParGroups of size 1.

Basic Usage

The following example assumes n is a Transform TOP with its translate set to 1, 2 Like n.par, n.parGroup can be used to access individual ParGroup objects:

t = n.parGroup.t     # assign t to the Translate ParGroup

From here, most of the members and methods available to Par objects are also available to ParGroup objects. Instead of returning one value however, they return a tuple of values where applicable.

t.expr   # returns (None, None) if the translate parameter has no expressions set


t.eval()   # returns (1, 2)

Note that if the ParGroup contains only a single element, such as the Uniform Scale parameters, its eval() method still returns a tuple and not a single value:

n.parGroup.scale.eval()  # returns (1.0,)

Size, Mapping and Iteration

len(t)   # returns 2, as this ParGroup contains 2 primary parameters.  The unit parameter is ''not'' included here.

t[1].name   # returns 'ty', since t[1] return Par object ty.

[ for i in t] # returns [‘tx’, ‘ty’] #primary parameters only

[ for i in] # returns [‘tx’, ‘ty’, 'unit'] #all parameters

The pars method is identical to, and returns all parameters in this ParGroup, primary or otherwise.


ParGroups can be assigned a single value (a scalar) or a tuple of the same size. Note in the following examples, both tuples () and lists [] are interchangeable. In some cases though, using list syntax is less ambiguous: [3] vs (3,), since (3) is not a tuple.

n.parGroup.t = (4, 5)    #assign tx=4, ty=5
n.parGroup.t = [4,5]    # any iterable object of size 2 will do

n.parGroup.t = 5             #assign 5 to tx, ty
n.parGroup.t = n.parGroup.p   #assign pivot values to translate parameter.

n.parGroup.t = (1,2,3)  # error, cannot assign 3 elements to 2.

Note that the above also works when assigning directly to the Parameter val members:

n.parGroup.t.val = (1,2)


ParGroups can be used in some arithmetic expressions directly, as operations are applied pairwise:

n.parGroup.t + 1  # returns (2.0, 3.0)
n.parGroup.t + (1,2)  #returns (2.0, 4.0)

To ensure forward compatibility though, it is best to create ParGroup objects where applicable:

tdu.Vector(n.parGroup.t) + (1,2)   #returns a Vector with values 2.0  4.0

Unit and Pulse Parameters

Sometimes a ParGroup will end with a parameter of a different type on the same line, such as a unit menu or a pulse button.

In this case, the ParGroup is actually a subclass, such as ParGroupUnit or ParGroupPulse. These subclasses contain members to access these extra parameters:

m = op(timer1).parGroup
m.parGroup.length.unit.val = seconds   # set the unit parameter

m.parGroup.cue.pulse() # pulse the applicable parameter


Casting a ParGroup to a bool will always raise an exception, as the ParGroup will always be a non-empty tuple, thus normally returning True. This could lead to confusion where bool(n.parGroup.button) always returns True, leading one to assume the button value itself is true.

Casting a ParGroup to a float or int however, will only succeed if that ParGroup contains exactly 1 element, as in the case of a Uniform Scale for example:

5 + float(n.parGroup.scale)

This also means op('geo1').parGroup.scale for example, can be used in a single parameter expression expecting a numeric avlue.

Furthermore, the global functions any() and all() work as expected, given that ParGroups behave like tuples:

	any(n.parTuple.t)	# true if any of tx,ty,tz non-zero
	all(n.parTuple.t)	# true if all of tx,ty,tz non-zero